Vaccination For Your Puppies

by Surya Gopal

Understanding your puppy’s needs at the stage of their growth is very essential. Just like we need vaccination for increasing our immunity and for providing protection to our body, our pups need vaccinations too. Puppies are vulnerable to infections and illnesses, so giving them the required vaccinations as per a proper schedule is very necessary.

Vaccination For Your Puppies, injection for dogs

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The first few months in your pooch’s life are most formative. They get to interact with all new surroundings and to adapt in a better way. They need all the vaccinations as per their body requirements. Your puppy’s first vaccination will normally be given at about eight weeks of age followed by further doses. As a pet parent, you should be aware of all the vaccinations and boosters that are essential for your dogs. 

Vaccinating your puppy is one of the most important things you should do in the first few weeks. It is better to get your puppies a timely vaccination so that they live a long life, free of illness and infections.

Why Do Puppies Need Vaccination?

Puppyhood is the most delicate period of your dog’s life. The key to their healthy growth lies in the care they get from you. This care not only requires love and attention but also includes good food, gentle training, socialization, comfortable surroundings, and proper puppy shots as well.

Vaccines are only effective once your puppies have been weaned. While some vaccines are required by all the dogs, others are more specific to your dog’s lifestyle and area of living. You can consult your vet to know about the immunizations necessary for your dogs. Your puppy’s first vaccination should be given at six weeks followed by a second vaccination, two or three weeks later. Your little furball needs to visit the vet more often during their first year of growth.

Which Shots Do My Puppy Needs?

Puppies need vaccination almost every two to three weeks until they are at least 14 weeks old. Some pups need all the vaccinations while some require only a few. Always consult with your vet for what vaccinations you should give your puppies.

In the first three months of your pup’s life, your vet will probably ask you to bring your puppies every two or three weeks for vaccinations. The vaccinations will not only protect your puppies from dangerous and deadly diseases but also prevent them from catching any kind of infection in the future. The puppy vaccination schedules and rates differ from one place to another. Typically, recommended vaccination schedule for puppies living in India has to be as follows:

6-7 weeks


DHPP, Bordetella


9-10 weeks


DHPP, Bordetella, Leptospirosis


12-13 weeks


DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease (Canine Influenza and Lyme Disease Vaccinations are given depending on the lifestyle of the puppies)


15-17 weeks


DHPP, Rabies, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease



Vaccination For Your Puppies, Puppies getting injection

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There is a long list of vaccinations you can opt for your puppies. Some of these are important while some are optional. Below mentioned is a list of diseases that vaccinations would help to avoid.

  • Rabies- Rabies is a viral disease that invades the central nervous system. The infected dogs may suffer from paralysis of throat and jaw muscles, headache, excessive drooling, hallucinations, fear of water, and even death. Vaccination for rabies can be very effective in keeping your dogs safe from this viral disease.
  • Bordetella Bronchiseptica- This bacterium can cause infectious bronchitis in dogs that means it can lead to viral respiratory infections. This can cause- injury of respiratory epithelium, impaired immune recognition, and disrupted immune clearance. The visible symptoms are- coughing, whooping, vomiting, and rarely seizures and death.
  • Canine Distemper- Distemper is an air-borne disease and can spread through sneezing or coughing from an infected dog. The virus attacks the respiratory, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems of dogs. There is no cure for the disease except prevention. Supportive care and efforts to prevent secondary infections can also be helpful.
  • Canine Hepatitis- Infectious canine hepatitis is a contagious disease that starts from slight fever and congestion of mucous membranes and later leads to depression, reduction of WBCs, and deficiency of blood clotting. This viral infection affects the liver, kidneys, spleen, lungs, and eyes of the affected dogs.

    Many dogs can fight back the mild form of the disease but the severe form can cause death. There is no cure, but the doctors can treat the symptoms.

Vaccination For Your Puppies. dog sleeping

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  • Canine Parainfluenza- This virus is a highly contagious respiratory virus. It is one of the most common pathogens associated with infectious kennel cough.
  • Coronavirus- The coronavirus vaccines are not related to COVID-19 in humans. Canine coronavirus usually infects your dog’s gastrointestinal systems and can even cause respiratory infections. Loss of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhoea are common signs of the disease.
  • Heartworm- This is a serious disease that can result in severe lung disease, heart failure, and other organ damage. Consult your vet about starting with heartworm preventives when your puppies are 12 to 16 weeks old.

  • Kennel Cough- Kennel cough or infectious tracheobronchitis results from the inflammation of the upper airways. It can be caused by bacterial infections, such as- Bordetella, and canine parainfluenza. It often involves multiple infections caused simultaneously. Bouts of harsh, dry coughing, loss of appetite are common symptoms.

  • Leptospirosis- Like many other diseases, this disease is also caused by bacteria. The bacteria can be found anywhere in soil and water. The dogs generally show no symptoms at all while suffering from the disease. Antibiotics are effective but vaccinations are preferred to avoid the occurrence of infections at any age.
  • Lyme Disease- Lyme disease or borreliosis is an infectious, tick-borne disease. The disease is transmitted via ticks. The signs include- fever, swelling in lymph nodes, limping, and loss of appetite.

  • Parvovirus- Canine parvovirus is a contagious virus affecting dogs. Unvaccinated puppies, less than 4 months of age are at most risk. The virus attacks the GI system and can lead to loss of appetite, vomiting, fever, and bloody diarrhoea as well.

Cost of Puppy Vaccinations

The average vaccination cost for your puppies can differ from state to state and what exactly your vet is vaccinating your puppies for. The vaccines are usually available for free of cost at the government facilities but can be chargeable at some places. In private clinics and hospitals, each dose can cost approximately Rs. 350-400. (The cost can vary depending on your location)


Your dog hardly asks for anything more than a healthy lifestyle. Providing them with timely vaccinations is the best you can do for them. So, as soon as you bring the little furball to your home, consult your vet and start giving them vaccinations at the right time

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